By Candida G. Brush
Women's entrepreneurship learn and the knowledge of things influencing the expansion of women-owned company have complicated considerably during the last decade. but, demanding situations stay. ladies marketers and the worldwide surroundings for development offers wide-ranging insights at the demanding situations that ladies marketers face becoming their companies and the way those could be addressed. This quantity is rooted in study and considers progress demanding situations, either contextually and enterprise particular, upsetting present inspiration and enriching the present literature on gender and entrepreneurship. half I highlights how contextual components, and particularly social and familial settings of marketers, have a differential influence on women and men. half II examines innovations, constraints and enablers of progress and function. The authors aptly exhibit well-focused gender lens is critical to raised clarify the phenomenon of women's entrepreneurship. Extending prior stories approximately women's entrepreneurship, this quantity is exclusive in its program of analysis from the Diana venture, a path-breaking initiative courting from 1999 to review lady entrepreneurial good fortune. Contributions from a world forged of authors make this a complete and commonly beautiful reference paintings. Lending a clean standpoint to the sector, this booklet will serve not just as a studying device and educating enforce yet will domesticate extra growth in women's entrepreneurship. As such, it truly is ultimate for college kids and students of entrepreneurship and women's reports, policy-makers, monetary improvement analysts and gender researchers.
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Additional info for Women Entrepreneurs and the Global Environment for Growth: A Research Perspective
The Norwegian economy is strong, as it is based on the export of oil, gas and farmed fish. The country has a strong welfare state orientation built in the post-Second World War period. Along with the other Nordic countries, Norway has a relative large public sector. Norway has reasonably good scores on international statistics on gender equality. 4 period of men (Statistics Norway, 2008). 2 per cent for men. Yet Norway hits rock bottom when it comes to women’s participation in the business sector, including entrepreneurship, ownership, management and board positions.
Early work tended to focus on discrimination. Coates and Tennyson (1992), for example, argued that general labour market discrimination can spill over into markets relevant to entrepreneurs. Others (Moore, 1983; Sowell, 1981) argue that this labour market discrimination in the formal waged sector is precisely why females move into entrepreneurship. If discrimination is part of the explanation for gender differences in entrepreneurship, at both a quantity and quality level, we might expect that this would manifest itself in a time dimension (perhaps less discrimination now than historically) and at a cross-country level (some countries may be inherently more discriminatory than others for historical and/or cultural reasons).
Research examining performance outcomes of women entrepreneurs shows significant differences between men and women. Empirical evidence on female underperformance is provided by Brush (1992), Cowling and Taylor (2001), Watson and Robinson (2003) and Rosa et al. (1996). Du Rietz and Henrekson (2000) find evidence to the contrary. So what does previous research tell us about observed differences between male and female entrepreneurs and the reasons for any observed female underperformance? Early work tended to focus on discrimination.
Women Entrepreneurs and the Global Environment for Growth: A Research Perspective by Candida G. Brush