By J. G. Manning
The historical past of Ptolemaic Egypt has often been doubly isolated--separated either from the historical past of alternative Hellenistic states and from the heritage of historical Egypt. The final Pharaohs, the 1st certain historical past of Ptolemaic Egypt as a country, departs substantially from past reviews through placing the Ptolemaic nation firmly within the context of either Hellenistic and Egyptian heritage. extra widely nonetheless, J. G. Manning examines the Ptolemaic dynasty within the context of the research of authoritarian and premodern states, moving the point of interest of analysis clear of glossy eu geographical regions and towards old Asian ones. through studying Ptolemaic reforms of Egyptian fiscal and felony buildings, The final Pharaohs gauges the impression of Ptolemaic rule on Egypt and the relationships that the Ptolemaic kings shaped with Egyptian society. Manning argues that the Ptolemies sought to rule through--rather than over--Egyptian society. He tells how the Ptolemies, adopting a pharaonic version of governance, formed Egyptian society and in flip have been formed through it. Neither totally Greek nor absolutely Egyptian, the Ptolemaic country inside of its middle Egyptian territory used to be a hybrid that departed from yet didn't holiday with Egyptian heritage. Integrating the most recent examine on archaeology, papyrology, theories of the country, and criminal background, in addition to Hellenistic and Egyptian historical past, The final Pharaohs attracts a dramatically new photo of Egypt's final old state.
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The heritage of Ptolemaic Egypt has often been doubly isolated--separated either from the background of alternative Hellenistic states and from the historical past of historical Egypt. The final Pharaohs, the 1st unique heritage of Ptolemaic Egypt as a nation, departs significantly from prior reports by way of placing the Ptolemaic country firmly within the context of either Hellenistic and Egyptian historical past.
Extra resources for The Last Pharaohs: Egypt Under the Ptolemies, 305-30 BC
This form of rule, a feature of Asian states especially but not exclusively, contrasts with the democracies of the west from Athens on. This East/West distinction has existed since Aristotle. ” Authoritarian, or “despotic,” states, are usually regarded as a primitive form of governance yet they persist (in fact are now reemergent), particularly on the Asian continent, and this despite the belief that they can only experience growth through “modernization” and democratization. The Ptolemaic case invites us to consider other factors that shape governance strategies, namely the political economy of the state and the nature of hybrid state forms, and to examine anew the validity of the sharp contrast that has been drawn between Asian despotism and democratic development.
Some were probably the result of Greek involvement with certain elite families in Egypt, who made for good bedfellows in opposition to Persian rule. Others may have merely been opportunistic. The Persians were expelled by force of arms upon the death of Darius II in the revolt of Amyrtaios in 404 BC. THE FOURTH CENTURY BC The fourth century BC was an unstable period, that saw Egypt caught in the middle between Greece and Persia, the latter always keeping its eye out for opportunities to retake it (which they in fact did, brieﬂy, in 343BC.
It also resulted in the formation of ancient Egypt’s legacy to the West. Egyptology, as Bowman has recently emphasized, has typically been a ﬁeld closed off from, and unengaged with, other disciplines, including the historical social sciences, despite much work in those disciplines that 7 This is also the attitude of Polybius, on whom see Walbank (1979). See the apt comments of Brett (2001:5). 9 Assuming here that state revenue included that generated by temples. See chapter 5 on revenues. 10 Cf.
The Last Pharaohs: Egypt Under the Ptolemies, 305-30 BC by J. G. Manning