By Manoel De Oliveira Lima
Leland Stanford Junior collage within the autumn of 1912 via Dr. OLIVEIRA LIMA less than the auspices of theD epartment of background. to these acquainted with the new contributions of Latin the United States and, extra in particular, Brazil, within the box of ancient scholarship the prestigious writer of those lectures wishes no advent; as historian, essayist and diplomat, he has received a commanding position within the highbrow actions of up to date Brazil; as a tireless investigator and effective pupil, he has performed a lot to elevate the research of South American heritage to a dignity and significance it had by no means formerly loved. Manoel de Oliveira Lima used to be born in Pernambuco, Brazil, December 25, 1865. on the age of twenty he got the measure of surgeon of Philosophy and Letters on the collage of Lisbon; years later he embarked upon a diplomatic profession of bizarre fruitfulness. From 1892 to 1900 he used to be attache to theB razilian embassies at Berlin, Washington and London. In 1901 he was once appointed minister to Japan; from 1902 to 1913 he represented Brazil in an analogous potential in Peru, Venezuela, Sweden and Belgium, and on a variety of events he was once intrusted with vital international missions. In 1913 he withdrew from the diplomatic provider to commit his complete time to the prosecution of his historic reviews. whereas appearing because the consultant of Brazil, Dr. Lima continuously interpreted his duties with a lot range; his perception of the tasks of a minister plenipotentiary differed commonly from that of a standard diplomatist. He refused to restrict his abilities and energies to the standard regimen within which fastened conventions, meaningless etiquette and hampering regulations play this type of huge half. He conceived it his venture to symbolize Brazi-1 at her most sensible or in no way. even if inT okyo orB russels, inC aracas orS tockholm, he strove unceasingly to increase a much broader and t
(Typographical blunders above are because of OCR software program and do not ensue within the book.)
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In these open meetings the opinions of all were heard and their votes affected the deliberations taken. must not be forgotten that the municipal corporations of the colowere concessions of the crown, granted with the object of fostering It nies the colonization of the possessions which the navigators and discoverers its dominion, and of promoting the constitutional organi- had added to zation of these distant sections of the metropolis, connected by a common In Spain the fueros or royal grants represented rather the sovereignty.
This regime synchronized with political emancipation and its acwould not have been in harmony with the conditions climatization earlier then prevailing; but even so one must seek in the past of the Latintradition for all that occurred later in this con- American countries the nection. I mentioned a little while ago that the most attractive feature of the Spanish civilization, or rather of the Iberian civilization in the New World, was its sympathy for the natives, a sympathy which did not prevent abuses, acts of violence, persecutions and tyrannies; for there were all of these, and, unfortunately, not on a small scale.
And any agreement among themselves, each one legislating in its own special interest, they changed in the same way the constitutional structure from its foundation, establishing not only freedom of industry, of trade, of colonization and of religion all of which Brazil had obtained from the transplanted royalty as spontaneous grants, although they naturally were still subject to certain restrictions, due to prejudices of the time and surroundings but also decreeing the general extinction of slavery, the abolishment of the Indian tribute and the suppression of the nobility.
The Evolution of Brazil compared with that of Spanish and Anglo-Saxon America by Manoel De Oliveira Lima