Download PDF by Francisco M. Salzano: The Evolution and Genetics of Latin American Populations

By Francisco M. Salzano

ISBN-10: 0521022398

ISBN-13: 9780521022392

The human genetic makeup of Latin the USA is a mirrored image of successive waves of colonization and immigration. there were few works facing the biology of human populations at a continental scale, and whereas a lot information is obtainable at the genetics of Latin American populations, so much details is still scattered in the course of the literature. This quantity examines Latin American human populations in terms of their origins, setting, historical past, demography and genetics, drawing on features of food, body structure, and morphology for an built-in and multidisciplinary process. the result's a desirable account of a humans characterised via a turbulent historical past, marked heterogeneity, and distinct genetic qualities.

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Source: Fiedel (1996). 4. Chronology of prehistoric and historic European development Chronology Stages of development Cultures Places 700–500 kya 500–200 kya 200–35 kya 40 kya H. erectus/H. antecessor ‘Archaic’ Homo sapiens Neanderthals Homo sapiens sapiens Paleolithic Oldowan Acheulean Mousterian Atapuerca, Ceprano Many sites Almost everywhere at its peak of population development Aurignacian, Gravettian Lascaux Microliths Cordial ware, Linear pottery France, northern Spain Several places From Greece to all over Europe 18 kya 10 kya 8 kya 4 kya Mesolithic Neolithic Middle Neolithic Copper mining Began in the Balkans Megalithic monuments Stonehenge Bell beaker Globular amphora Corded ware Battleaxe 3 kya 2 kya Pastoral nomadism Bronze age 1 kya Iron age  500  900 Middle Ages kya: thousand years ago.

Also included in this complex are southern Peru and Bolivia, and northern Argentina. Patagonia is dry south to the Strait of Magellan. Environment/human interaction Today’s most important challenge is to utilize this enormously varied environment without causing too much damage. This question has been variously considered by many specialists from Latin America and outside, for example, in the collective works edited by Hladik et al. (1993) and Nishizawa and Uitto (1995). All these authors emphasize the fragility of the tropical forests.

To guarantee this control, a complex socioeconomic structure was established in Spanish America. 3. In Spain the House of Contracts was responsible for all the dealings with the Colony, and this exchange was subjected to the rulings of a Council. In the New World, first two ViceKingdoms, and then two others were established. Additional controls were provided by governors, mayors, county councils, judges and other agents. Periodic visits by mandataries from the Crown also occurred. The labor relationships were conditioned by, on one hand, the preHispanic autocratic tradition, coupled with the Indians’ collective use of the land; and on the other by the introduction of the European feudal system.

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The Evolution and Genetics of Latin American Populations by Francisco M. Salzano


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