Read e-book online Quantum mechanics with applications to nanotechnology and PDF

By Yehuda B. Band, Yshai Avishai

ISBN-10: 0444537864

ISBN-13: 9780444537867

Quantum mechanics transcends and supplants classical mechanics on the atomic and subatomic degrees. It offers the underlying framework for lots of subfields of physics, chemistry and fabrics technology, together with condensed topic physics, atomic physics, molecular physics, quantum chemistry, particle physics, and nuclear physics. it's the basically approach we will be able to comprehend the constitution of fabrics, from the semiconductors in our pcs to the steel in our autos. it's also the scaffolding aiding a lot of nanoscience and nanotechnology. the aim of this publication is to offer the basics of quantum idea inside of a latest viewpoint, with emphasis on purposes to nanoscience and nanotechnology, and information-technology. because the frontiers of technology have complex, one of these curriculum enough for college kids within the sciences and engineering 20 years in the past isn't any longer passable this present day. therefore, the emphasis on new issues that aren't incorporated in older reference texts, corresponding to quantum info thought, decoherence and dissipation, and on functions to nanotechnology, together with quantum dots, wires and wells.

Key Features

  • This e-book offers a unique method of Quantum Mechanics when additionally giving readers the needful heritage and coaching for the scientists and engineers of the twenty first Century who have to come to grips with quantum phenomena.

  • The basics of quantum concept are supplied inside a contemporary viewpoint, with emphasis on functions to nanoscience and nanotechnology, and information-technology.

Benefits

  • Older books on quantum mechanics don't include the amalgam of principles, suggestions and instruments essential to organize engineers and scientists to house the recent features of quantum mechanics and their software to quantum info technology and nanotechnology.

  • As the frontiers of technological know-how have complex, this sort of curriculum sufficient for college kids within the sciences and engineering two decades in the past is not any longer passable this day.

  • There are many glorious quantum mechanics books on hand, yet none have the emphasis on nanotechnology and quantum details technological know-how that this e-book has.

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Quantum mechanics with applications to nanotechnology and - download pdf or read online

Quantum mechanics transcends and supplants classical mechanics on the atomic and subatomic degrees. It offers the underlying framework for plenty of subfields of physics, chemistry and fabrics technological know-how, together with condensed subject physics, atomic physics, molecular physics, quantum chemistry, particle physics, and nuclear physics.

Additional resources for Quantum mechanics with applications to nanotechnology and information science

Example text

Based on quantum tunneling arguments (that will be elucidated in Sec. 11), the current flowing between source and drain is expected to depend exponentially in the gate voltage. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), invented in 1981 by Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer (Nobel Prize in Physics, 1986), is a commonly used technique for viewing surface structure of conducting materials on a nanoscale. It relies on quantum tunneling of electrons from the atomically sharp voltage-biased microscope tip to the sample (or vice versa).

Additional examples of entangled spin states are √1 (|↑ |↑ + |↓ |↓ ), and, more generally, the states (d1 |↑ |↑ + d2 |↓ |↓ ). 2 It is important to stress the nonclassical nature of these states. Let us consider a particle of zero spin that is at rest and disintegrates into two particles, which, by conservation of linear momentum go in opposite directions, each with spin 1/2 so that the state of the two spin 1/2 particles is the spin singlet state. After the disintegration, we measure the spins of the particles with two Stern–Gerlach apparatuses located on opposite sides of the initial particle at rest.

11(a–d). 11 17 Photoelectric characteristics. (a) EKE versus ν. (b) Electron photo-current versus ν. (c) EKE versus intensity I. (d) Photo-current versus I. Hopefully, the discussion in the last few sections has given you a hint of some of the strange and wonderful phenomena that occur in the quantum world. In the next section we discuss how quantum phenomena come into play in nanotechnology and information technology. 2 NANOTECHNOLOGY AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY Nanoscience and nanotechnology can be defined as the science and technology of manipulating materials on an atomic scale.

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Quantum mechanics with applications to nanotechnology and information science by Yehuda B. Band, Yshai Avishai


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