By James P. Brennan
Peronism and Argentina examines the background, origins, and modern instructions of Peronism, crucial populist circulation in twentieth-century Latin the US. Written from an introductory and interdisciplinary standpoint, this quantity comprises contributions from historians, political scientists, and sociologists. those provocative essays make clear many misconceptions in regards to the nature of Peronism and clarify how the move has been interpreted via intellectuals and the way it has stimulated Argentine politics and civil society over the past part century. Peronism and Argentina additionally contains essays at the current Peronist govt lower than Carlos Menem?s rule.
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Extra info for Peronism and Argentina (Latin American Silhouettes)
39 The Economic Dimension. 40 The Social Base. Populism in Latin America is supported by many economic classes, with Peronism being distinguished by the notable weight of the working class in its populist alliance. 41 The Political Characterization of the Movements and the Regimes. 42 Characterization of the Ideology. It appears eclectic and atypical when compared with the classic European models. 43 Despite the points of agreement, it would be incorrect to present this interpretative group, which employs populism in a descriptive and not an objectivist-Manichaean way, as a homogeneous "school" that has resolved all the problems that the diverse national cases pose.
Given the breadth that he assigned his concept, Perón mentioned as examples such diverse phenomena as Nasserist Arab socialism, Scandinavian social democracy, as well as the defunct authoritarian regimes of Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. "25 Perón repeatedly claimed that his version of "socialism" was not Marxist but Christian, that Justicialismo and a national variant of Page 11 socialism were the same thing, that the establishment of a more just social order could be bloodless, and that a centralization of all economic power in the hands of the state (in the manner of Eastern European socialism) would not lead to the liberation of humanity.
Economic policy was dirigiste, but if state planning is an indicator of fascism, one would have to conclude that Mexico under Cárdenas and Great Britain under the Labour governments were also Fascist states. 21 The Peronist governments of 1946-1955 and 1973-1976 directed their efforts toward distributive and industrializing policies. What cannot be maintained is that they had either revanchista or expansionist programs. The preceding arguments show the scant usefulness of the Fascist category in attempting to arrive at an adequate explanation of Peronism.
Peronism and Argentina (Latin American Silhouettes) by James P. Brennan