By Jim Powell
For hundreds of thousands of years, slavery went unchallenged in precept. Then in one century, slavery was once abolished and greater than seven million slaves have been freed. Greatest Emancipation tells this extraordinary tale, targeting Haiti, the British Caribbean, the USA, Cuba and Brazil, which accounted for the majority of slaves within the west. Jim Powell deals a few brilliant insights and indicates that whereas the abolition of slavery used to be necessary to any unfastened society, it wasn't the only determing issue, due to the fact a few societies that abolished slavery later embraced dictatorships. Jim Powell finds the method and large impression that slavery's eradication had on person societies within the west.
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Additional info for Greatest Emancipations: How the West Abolished Slavery
Periodically the slaves ventured out to plunder and burn plantations. By late 1792, an estimated one-third of the plantations in the south were seriously damaged if not destroyed. Soldiers brought in from France had occasional success against the rebels, but they didn’t last long. They weren’t prepared to deal with guerrilla fighters in the mountains, and many French soldiers succumbed to tropical diseases. Conflict in the north took a radical turn. The established slave leaders Jean-François and Biassou as well as an emerging slave leader, Charles Belair, sent a letter to the Colonial Assembly declaring that slave resistance was justified by the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which the French had adopted.
Although his troops chased them back to the mountains, as opportunities arose the rebels resumed their raids on plantations and towns. Sonthonax appointed Etienne Laveaux to lead the offensive against rebels, and his free black soldiers destroyed camps built by slaves who had run away from their plantations. Laveaux destroyed banana trees and other plants that might provide food for the slaves. Thus, the struggle in Saint-Domingue escalated between gens de couleur and runaway slaves, and Sonthonax, who had become an abolitionist, emerged as an enemy of the slaves.
The planters believed that their way of life was at stake. This thinking was an expanded view of government control that prevailed in the Western world from the mid-1500s until the 1700s and in the communist world and many other places during the twentieth century: that an economy required substantial compulsion, if not slavery, to work. It was thought that in the absence of government intervention, people would do all sorts of things they shouldn’t do, and they would neglect things they should do.
Greatest Emancipations: How the West Abolished Slavery by Jim Powell