God’s Warriors: ’’Crusaders, Saracens and the battle for - download pdf or read online

By Helen J. Nicholson

ISBN-10: 1841769436

ISBN-13: 9781841769431

Эта книга повествует о судьбоносной кампании, которая привели к мусульманскому захвата Иерусалима в 1187 году, после катастрофического поражения крестоносцев при Хаттине

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Extra resources for God’s Warriors: ’’Crusaders, Saracens and the battle for Jerusalem’’

Example text

Western mercenaries often stayed in almost permanent service though their contracts may have been renewed monthly. Penalties for deserting before a contract expired were, however, severe: a knight forfeiting his armour and other equipment, a common soldier having his hands pierced with a hot iron. The military orders of Templars and Hospitallers tended to reflect the aggressive attitudes of the newcomers, rather than the more cautious Latin settlers, and their motivation had much in common with the mutatawi'ah religious volunteers of the Muslim side.

Saladin, who almost certainly had a clear view from hills to the south, realized what they were trying to do and sent Taqi al Din's division to block the way to Hattin. If Taqi al Din were still in command of Saladin's right wing his men would have been skirmishing with Count Raymond's troops since the Muslim main force committed itself to battle. Raymond, knowing that the Muslims would attempt to stop him seizing the spring at Hattin, urged speed but this proved impossible. Just how Taqi al Din got ahead and to the left of the Christians' vanguard is unclear.

6 August Saladin and Al Adil start siege of Ascalon. 2S August Ascalon surrenders to Saladin. 5 September 20 September Muslim army reaches Jerusalem. 25 September Muslim army stops attacking western wall of Jerusalem. Winter 13 March 20 March 54 HATTIN 1187 • THE CAMPAIGN 26 September 29 September 2 October 1 November 30 December 1 January 1188 Muslim army starts attacking northern wall of Jerusalem. Breach made in wall. Jerusalem surrenders to Saladin. Saladin sends army to besiege Tyre. Combined land and naval attack on Tyre beaten off.

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God’s Warriors: ’’Crusaders, Saracens and the battle for Jerusalem’’ by Helen J. Nicholson


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