By Dr. Kurt Stüwe (auth.)
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Additional info for Geodynamics of the Lithosphere
Sout h-Georgia, Scotia plate). They can move forward (towa rds the continent) if the rifting rate at the ridge is larger than the downward velocity (e. g. Pacific plate - Alaska). In other words , the distance between the trench and the continent in the far field hinterland increases, decreases or remains constant. Depending on details of the force and velocity field in subduction zone environments, forearc- or backarc basins may develop. In some cases of collision between oceanic and continental lithosphere, parts of the oceanic plate are welded onto the continental plate or even thrust over it.
Friction heat or radioactivity) or active transport of heat (e. g. by fluid or magma) may have played a role during metamorphism. Thus, the information on the following pages provides a powerful tool for the interpretation of heat sources of a metamorphic terrain. K. Stüwe, Geodynamics of the Lithosphere © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002 3 . 1 The Heat Conduction Equation The heat conduction equation - more commonly known as the diffusion equation - is fundamental for the understanding of the transport of heat in the lithosphere.
I = Ft, force acting over a given time. On a spherical surface, the angular momentum is analogous to the linear momentum. The angular momentum D is the product of the moment of inertia J and the angular velocity w: D = Jw. The moment of inertia is the ratio of torque and angular velocity and has the units of J = kg m 2 • Angular momentum has the units of D = kgm 2 S-l. In plate tectonics, changes in momentum and angular momentum are ignored because changes in velocity and angular velocity of plates takes place over very large time periods (s.
Geodynamics of the Lithosphere by Dr. Kurt Stüwe (auth.)