By Peter V. N. Henderson
This ebook explores the lifestyles and occasions of Ecuador's such a lot arguable flesh presser in the broader context of the recent political heritage, addressing 5 significant issues of nineteenth-century Latin American historical past: the construction of political networks, the divisiveness of regionalism, the bitterness of the liberal-conservative ideological divide, the complicating challenge of caudillismo, and the hunt for growth and modernization. myths characteristically linked to García Moreno's rule are debunked. the 1st is that he created a theocracy in Ecuador. as a substitute, the e-book argues that he negotiated a concordat with the Papacy giving the nationwide govt regulate over the church's secular tasks, and subordinated the clergy, lots of whom have been hugely serious of García Moreno, to the conservative kingdom. A moment, usually repeated generalization is that he created a conservative dictatorship out of contact with the liberal age during which he lived. in its place, the publication argues that moderates held sway throughout the first 9 years of García Moreno's interval of impact, and in simple terms in the course of his ultimate time period did he in achieving the kind of conservative country he notion essential to boost his revolutionary nation-building schedule. In sum, this publication enriches our knowing of the various notions of country formation through suggesting that conservatives like García Moreno predicted a application of fabric development and selling nationwide team spirit lower than a really diversified formulation from that of nineteenth-century liberals.
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Additional info for Gabriel Garcia Moreno and Conservative State Formation in the Andes
From the bondholders’ perspective, the scheme made some sense, because after years of negotiation and multiple defaults, the likelihood of full payment seemed slight. 10 For Robles the plan had two advantages. Not only would it successfully resolve the treasury’s unmet obligations, but the English settlers with their values of thrift, hard work, and industriousness would also develop the jungle. S. minister, Philo White, oﬀered a more realistic evaluation of Robles’ proposal. He described the area as “not habitable,” in part because of an absence of roads and the prevalence of disease.
Although, like many believers, he had gone through a youthful period of questioning, by 1859 he stood ﬁrmly on principle as a true believer in Roman Catholicism. Not only in his defense of the Jesuits, but also in a very revealing letter to his wife, he displayed the intensity of his beliefs. Chiding her and her sisters for their fears about his future, he called her weak, asserting she was not a true believer. He urged her to study the articles of faith to achieve peace of mind. In contrast, García Moreno said he himself believed in an omnipotent and merciful God who would always protect him.
The role of regionalism in Latin America has been the subject of considerable historiographical debate. Despite a centralist tradition dating from the colonial regime, regionalism dominated political thinking on occasion (such as in the postindependence era). 4 As we shall see in chapter 3, before García Moreno the Ecuadorian political leadership (with the possible exceptions of Flores and Rocufuerte discussed in chapter 1) had no clear deﬁnition of Ecuador in mind. The seeming lack of patriotism of the important players in 1859 becomes explicable only when one realizes that these men were, as García Moreno’s friend indicated, loyal to their own regional “país” rather than to any larger notion of national interests.
Gabriel Garcia Moreno and Conservative State Formation in the Andes by Peter V. N. Henderson