Jennifer S. Light's From Warfare to Welfare: Defense Intellectuals and Urban PDF

By Jennifer S. Light

ISBN-10: 080187422X

ISBN-13: 9780801874222

ISBN-10: 0801881463

ISBN-13: 9780801881466

ISBN-10: 0801882737

ISBN-13: 9780801882739

During the early a long time of the chilly conflict, large-scale investments in American safeguard and aerospace examine and improvement spawned a number of problem-solving options, applied sciences, and associations. From structures research to reconnaissance satellites to imagine tanks, those strategies didn't stay specific add-ons of the security institution. as a substitute, they comfortably chanced on civilian purposes in either the non-public and public area. urban making plans and administration have been no exception.

Jennifer gentle argues that the applied sciences and values of the chilly battle essentially formed the heritage of postwar city the USA. From war to Welfare files how American intellectuals, urban leaders, and the government selected to assault difficulties within the nation's towns via borrowing innovations and applied sciences first designed for army engagement with overseas enemies. Experiments in city challenge fixing tailored the services of safety execs to stand new threats: city chaos, blight, and social unrest. Tracing the move of recommendations from army to urban making plans and administration, mild unearths how a continuous resource of notion for American urban directors lay within the nation's arrangements for war.

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Additional resources for From Warfare to Welfare: Defense Intellectuals and Urban Problems in Cold War America

Sample text

While doing research to develop range ~nders for antiaircraft guns, Wiener became interested in machine learning. Servomechanisms enabled each gun to predict an airplane’s trajectory by making use of information about previous trajectories. The concept that inanimate machine systems could learn from past events and use this information to predict the future intrigued him. 7 In cybernetics, humans, machines, and organizations are systems of communication and control. ”8 Cybernetics is a science emphasizing dynamic processes, action and reaction.

38 Critics blamed such practices on a lack of funding to administer the industrial dispersal program, as well as a lack of central coordination in the nation’s civil defense program. The industrial dispersal program offered neither stringent requirements with oversight nor appealing economic incentives for voluntary actions by city managers to promote the dis- 26 From Warfare to Welfare persal measures that security experts had speci~ed. For example, municipalities would lose valuable revenues if industries relocated outside cities’ taxable boundaries.

Communication technologies would not be used for dispersed citizen-citizen or citizen-government communications, as Wiener imagined. Rather, his image of cities as information processing systems would be applied to reshaping urban planning and management practices. In every era, one or two “images of the city” dominate urban planning and management; techniques and technologies can play a de~ning role. 4 The book—an effort to aid designers struggling to improve the urban order and make it more responsive to users’ needs—sought to understand how city residents make mental maps of their everyday environment.

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From Warfare to Welfare: Defense Intellectuals and Urban Problems in Cold War America by Jennifer S. Light


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