By Joao Gomes Porto, Chris Alden and Imogen Parsons
Demilitarization of clash and society is essential to development sustainable peace in nations rising from the scourge of civil warfare. As longstanding conflicts come to an finish, approaches which facilitate the possibly risky transition from formal peace to social peace are significantly vital. on the center of the workout is the need of reworking the tradition and the tools of battle - demilitarization - together with disarming, demobilizing and reintegrating (DDR) former opponents into society.This quantity represents the 1st in-depth and complete dialogue of reintegration of former warring parties in battle to peace transitions. as well as a scientific mirrored image and overview of present literature on DDR, the authors devised and utilized a box learn method to learning the reintegration of former fighters in Angola with possibly major implications at the layout and implementation of DDR programmes. the quantity is written for lecturers, scholars and practitioners concentrating on battle to peace transitions and post-conflict concerns.
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Additional info for From Soldiers to Citizens: Demilitarization of Conflict and Society
While the concept of reintegration has evolved to reﬂect some of the lessons learned in DDR processes over the last decade – in fact moving closer to what Kees Kingma had suggested several years ago – it remains for the most part insufﬁciently understood. In 1999 Kingma had warned that, …the demobilisation and resettlement might have to be implemented quickly, but reintegration is by nature a slow social, economic and psychological process. Successful reintegration into civilian life depends to a large extent on the initiative of the ex-combatant and their families and on the support they receive from their communities, the government, NGOs, or foreign development cooperation.
Demilitarization, DDR and War to Peace Transitions 13 economic development and combat poverty. As noted by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), 21 … too often, the military is used to sustain governments in power and is inappropriately involved in internal security. Police forces are often under funded and unable to guarantee security thus giving rise to coercion and corruption (…) Effective management, transparency and accountability of the security sector is just as necessary as with any other part of the public sector.
Several veterans shared the view that “success in military life is the antithesis of success in civilian life” – referring to aggression, subservience and mobility as “important components of a soldier’s behaviour but inimical to traditional peaceful life as a civilian” (Colletta et al 1996 (B), 275). If one’s understanding of reintegration is that it is the “process by which excombatants acquire civilian status and gain access to civilian forms of work and income,” a process considered primarily social and economic in nature and with an open time-frame32 – what could be the justiﬁcation of including it as part of DDR processes?
From Soldiers to Citizens: Demilitarization of Conflict and Society by Joao Gomes Porto, Chris Alden and Imogen Parsons