By Michael Allaby
July 2002, floods in japanese and relevant Texas have been so serious that many counties have been declared catastrophe components and 8 humans misplaced their lives. In August 2002, in primary and japanese Europe, dozens of deaths and untold irreplaceable cultural and ancient websites have been destroyed via flooding. In Asia, in the course of the summer time of 2002, a minimum of 1,800 humans died. notwithstanding usually tragic, there are floods during the global each year, a lot of them devastating and lethal. In Floods, Revised version, writer Michael Allaby has considerably altered, extended, and in a few areas rewritten the unique textual content to mirror contemporary findings and new details in this kind of serious climate. 3 new chapters clarify storms and cloudbursts, thunder and lightning, and the monsoons in larger element. Many new and revised sidebars demonstrate causes or attention-grabbing items of data approximately floods and flooding, with out interrupting the most stream of the textual content. those clarify innovations from atmospheric technology, resembling partial strain and vapor strain; cost separation in typhoon clouds; and glacioisostasy, in addition to explaining why it rains extra on mountainsides than it does within the valleys. New additional analyzing lists on the finish of every part and on the end of the booklet stimulate additional study. scholars will locate this ebook accomplished and beneficial because it explains the phenomenon in transparent and available language.
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Extra resources for Floods (Facts on File Dangerous Weather Series)
You need to know how far the water travels horizontally while it descends vertically. In fact, you need to know the gradient of the riverbed. River gradients High in the mountains, where most rivers begin, gradients are usually steep, because near the summit the mountainsides are steep. The water falls a long way down the mountainside while traveling only a short distance horizontally. Consequently, the water has a great deal of energy. There is not much water, however, and mountains are made from rocks that are not easily worn away, so although the river may be a torrent, it is a torrent that cuts only a narrow channel between hard rocks.
In North Korea, the floods destroyed much of the rice crop. A week later at Biescas on the Spanish side of the Pyrenees, the mountain range between France and Spain, more than 70 vacationers died in a flash flood at a crowded campsite and trailer park. Light rain that suddenly turned into a torrential cloudburst sent floodwater, rocks, and mud through the Vírgen de las Nieves site. Cars, tents, campers, and trailers were carried away in the swiftly flowing rivers of mud and rock, and trees were torn from the ground and scattered.
The flash flood had killed 34 people. It was rated a 50,000-year flood (see page 6–8), although the Lyn had never been known to behave that way before, so there was no previous flood with which to compare it. Nor has it flooded since. Lynmouth has now been rebuilt and is once more an attractive and popular resort. Taken by surprise Flash floods always happen suddenly, and it is the element of surprise, combined with the violence they can sometimes attain, that makes them so dangerous. It is easy to understand why they happen but very difficult to predict them.
Floods (Facts on File Dangerous Weather Series) by Michael Allaby