By Adrian Walsh, Richard Giulianotti
Written from the contrasting but complementary views of sociology and philosophy, this ebook explores the far-reaching moral outcomes of the runaway commodification of recreation, concentrating on these circumstances the place commodification offers upward push to morally bad outcomes. The authors consider 3 major components of outrage for participators and observers alike: the corrosion of the center meanings and values of activity, the expanding elitism of entry to wearing commodities, and the undermining of social stipulations that help wearing groups. distinctive in its specialize in the moral size of the strong economics of today’s activity, this ebook may be of curiosity, not just to these within the fields of activities reviews and ethics of activity, but additionally to teachers, researchers and scholars in philosophy of morality, sociology, and the ethics of globalization as seen in the course of the final globalized phenomenon of recent game.
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Additional info for Ethics, Money and Sport: This Sporting Mammon (Ethics and Sport)
But can such concerns really be understood as examples of internal goods being displaced? We suggest not, for one would need to build an awful lot into the idea of a practice and an internal good to demonstrate that excluding traditional fans is a violation of the internal goods of sport. It is not that the internal meanings have been violated but that traditional fans are excluded from a good to which they once had access. Commodification and moral pathologies: our preferred approach Having provided a brief survey of some of the major moral frameworks for assessing what might be wrong with transforming goods into commodities, it is now time to provide an outline of the commodification critique to be developed in the remainder of this book.
21 For Brohm sport is the modern ‘opium of the masses’ that regulates and neutralises any revolutionary energy in the lower orders and in this way occupying the position once said to be held by religion. 22 Even the victorious athlete cannot transcend his or her alienating industrial position for, according to Brohm: ‘The champion becomes a product of performances and records and his labour no longer belongs to him. ’23 However, there are problems with the Marxist position, both in general and in the more specific contexts of sport.
There Walzer argues that, although there are certain goods that are properly distributed by money – that is which belong to the ‘sphere of money’ – for other goods such allocation is inappropriate and thus they should not be commodified. Walzer identifies fourteen such ‘blocked exchanges’ and his list – which in many ways is a strange list – includes marriage rights, exemption from military service and romantic love. In sport we see this idea of blocked exchange exemplified in practice with the refusal of certain sporting institutions to commodify particular events or objects (although such examples are increasingly rare).
Ethics, Money and Sport: This Sporting Mammon (Ethics and Sport) by Adrian Walsh, Richard Giulianotti