Epochs of European civilization. : Antiquity to Renaissance by Geoffrey Hosking, Recorded Books PDF

By Geoffrey Hosking, Recorded Books

ISBN-10: 1435664191

ISBN-13: 9781435664197

During this path, college university London professor Geoffrey Hosking discusses the 4 subject matters that make eu background assorted from different elements of the realm: the geographical region, citizenship, the clinical approach, and largely dependent public finance.

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He finally brought paganism to an end by closing down the Academy of Athens, which Plato had founded 900 years earlier. He imposed serious restrictions on Jews’ freedom of worship and took the lead in ferreting 49 out heresy. He took a leading role in shaping canon law—the law of the church—just as he had with civil and criminal law. In the Byzantine view, the emperor was head of both church and state, the ultimate authority on all matters, © Corel Art spiritual as well as secA mosaic of Emperor Justinian the Great ular.

In the army, the infantry were mainly small farmers, and their importance meant that they also had to be properly represented in the political system. This was achieved by dividing power between the elites and the masses, or the patricians and plebeians. The plebeians came from the class of smallholders. This division did not arise without conflict. During the fifth century, it was becoming apparent that many smallholders were being ruined economically by the demands of war and by being absent from their farms for long periods.

St. Patrick (c. 390-460), who brought them the faith, came from a Roman British family and was among those Christians left high and dry when the Roman soldiers departed. He was captured by Irish raiders from his father’s villa and sold into slavery in Ireland, where he spent six years as a herdsman. He eventually escaped back to Britain, but then had a vision in which, he believed, God told him to return to Ireland to convert the pagans. At that time, Ireland was an entirely tribal society without major cities, so that the Roman pattern of ecclesiastical organization, under bishops, was impossible.

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Epochs of European civilization. : Antiquity to Renaissance antiquity to Renaissance by Geoffrey Hosking, Recorded Books

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