By Marie Fleming
During this complete research of Jurgen Habermas's philosophy and social idea, Marie Fleming takes powerful factor with Habermas over his figuring out of rationality and the lifeworld, emancipation, background, and gender. the purpose of Fleming's critique of Habermas isn't really to dispute universalism, yet to construct at the key universalist ideas of inclusiveness and equality. Her goal is to teach that Habermas's concept of modernity is so based that it can't in attaining its universalist goals. Contending that his conception isn't universalist sufficient, she claims that universalism should be reconceived as a thorough, serious, and old undertaking.
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Additional resources for Emancipation and Illusion: Rationality and Gender in Habermas's Theory of Modernity
See Jtirgen Habennas, The Structural Transfomuztton of the Public Sphere: An In· quiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society, trans. Thomas Burger (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1989 ). THE EMANCIPATORY INTEREST 43 Habermas's decision to leave epistemology for rational reconstruction was influenced by the many criticisms of his conception of knowledge· constitutive interests, especially of his idea of the emancipatory inter· est. " The "most glaring" flaw, according to Bernstein, is a "radical ambiguity" in the concepts of reflection and self-reflection.
He may also be incorporating into his theory of communicative action a self-understanding that (conceivably falsely) universalizes as the norm its own historically specific experiences. It is hard to see how the deconstructionist claim that rationality structures are only relatively stable can be handled from within a theory that takes the (classical) point of view of discourse participants in modernity: from that viewpoint rationality structures have to be theorized as stable, fixed-necessary and unavoidable.
33 The most generous conclusion I can reach is that Habermas's prejudgment of Derrida as a disciple of Heidegger led him to view Derrida's admittedly unorthodox style as an attempt to avoid argumentation. In any event, he claims to have found the basis for what he sees as Derrida's position in deconstruction's supposed reversal of the primacy of logic over rhetoric. 34 His concern is that such a reversal, if sustained, would allow all texts to be examined primarily, if not solely, on the basis of the effects they achieve through their rhetorical elements.
Emancipation and Illusion: Rationality and Gender in Habermas's Theory of Modernity by Marie Fleming