By Derek Hopwood
Up to date variation of a winning introductory textbook - themes lined contain the ideologies of Nasser and Sadat; monetary difficulties; the function of Islam; Egyptian tradition and literature.
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Additional resources for Egypt, politics and society, 1945-1990
He was given the position of commander-in-chief and president of the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC). The coup was announced in the name of the army on behalf of the whole of Egypt, not of a party, a revolutionary mass movement, or an ideology. The army‟s first aim was to purify itself and the government of corrupt elements; apart from that no firm plans had been made. At first Ali Mahir, a previous prime minister and friend of Farouk, was asked to head the government. The most important immediate decision concerned the future of the King.
Despite their valuable role in fighting the British and their undoubted sincerity, there could be no possibility of co-existence with the army regime. Their leaders were arrested, six executed including the would-be assassin, and thousands of others thrown into prison. The death sentence on their Supreme Guide was commuted to life imprisonment by the RCC. The ideas of the Ikhwan have remained potent in Egyptian society as indeed they must in any Islamic environment where there remains a fundamentalist current and the strong appeal of a return to a pure Islamic society.
He was from then on known for his serious and thoughtful nature. After an interval with his family in Alexandria he entered al-Nahda (fittingly „the reawakening‟) school in Cairo. He spent five decisive years from 1933-8 in the city mixing study with militant activity and demonstrating both against the British presence and Egyptian politicians. He was exposed to all the political currents of the time, including the Wafd, Young Egypt, and the National Party. He felt personally and with adolescent intensity the problems of Egypt, perhaps more intensely than his fellows.
Egypt, politics and society, 1945-1990 by Derek Hopwood