By G. Antonelli
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Extra resources for Economics of Structural and Technological Change
Once (new) production is started, whether it is by a monopolist or not, improvements in a product’s characteristics are always occurring. e. we have a better product sold at pre-improvement price. Improvements themselves are more likely to occur in monopolistic markets than in competitive markets because large firms have research departments ‘every member of which knows that his bread and butter depends on his success in devising improvements’ (Schumpeter, 1947a, p. 96). Moreover, whichever industry we investigate, we almost always find that in the long run prices do adapt themselves to technological progress (Schumpeter, 1947a, p.
This can be seen in the following quotation taken from Nelson and Winter’s book (1982): The influence of Joseph Schumpeter is so pervasive in our work that it requires particular mention here. ’ More precisely, it could be reasonably said that we are evolutionary theorists for the sake of being neo-Schumpeterians’ (Nelson and Winter, 1982, p. 39, original emphasis). The evolutionary approach has now reached a high degree of development, and a good deal of attention has been devoted to it. Ideas characterizing this approach spread during the 1970s, and have been subject to further diffusion during the 1980s and early 1990s (Magnusson, 1994).
The system is thus shaped by forces which lead to dynamic disequilibrium, and by other forces which lead towards equilibrium, but not automatically. 3 Global and composite technology analysis The principle of relative scarcity constitutes the foundation of this approach, which focuses on the contribution of the Ricardian theory to the analysis of technical change (Quadrio Curzio, 1990). This principle can be framed in terms of antagonism-coexistence-synergy between the scarcity of natural resources, the scarcity of human resources and the producibility of goods (Quadrio Curzio and Antonelli, 1988).
Economics of Structural and Technological Change by G. Antonelli