By Louis A. Girifalco (auth.)
Technology isn't an result in itself, yet a fashion of gratifying human desires. It indicates us the best way to remedy the age-old fiscal challenge of surviving and professionals pering in a troublesome international. yet to optimize the advantages of technological enhance calls for an figuring out of ways it occurs. the aim of this e-book is to supply a few of that realizing. the topic is so huge, immense and so intertwined with each human task small collection of it, and that from a different standpoint, is inevitable. the choice of subject material has been, after all, conditioned by means of what pursuits me and is a little heterogeneous. even though, it's hooked up by way of significant subject matters. the 1st is that it emphasizes the dynamic nature of know-how, within the experience that it has to be approached as a technique evolving in time which can frequently be defined in quantitative phrases. the second one is that i've got selected issues that i feel are crucial for a strategic experience of ways to devise for, execute, and reply to technological swap. those subject matters supplement one another as the strategic experience calls for an appreciation of the dynamics and the dynamics certainly bring about a attention of ways to house expertise in order that it may be used to accomplish human targets. The unifying idea at the back of the ebook is that technological switch has a systemic in addition to an idiosyncratic aspect.
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The nature of corporations, their objectives, incentives, structure, and strategic posture are therefore important components of the determinants of technological change. The way corporations carry on their business, choose their products or services, interact with labor and government, and organize their activities has a great deal to do with the degree of success with which they initiate or accommodate change. Strategic decisions can determine whether or not a particular technology will be pursued at all; R&D budgets and projects define the future course of their innovations; their organization and internal culture affects their propensity and efficiency for innovation.
The success of a technological society depends on the existence of large numbers of people with the appropriate education and expertise to create, discover, invent, test, manufacture, and service sophisticated systems and products. Technological change is therefore strongly influenced by the availability of such people. The first group that comes to mind is the engineers, who indeed are usually the ones most intimately instrumental in technological change. In the modem world, they generally draw on a large base of science for their work.
Some of these will lead to changes in the technology. But the principle of immanent change must mean more than this for a technological society. Change is immanent directly and by design; it is part of the process of technology and the basis of the economy. The reinvestment of a portion of the national product and the large expenditures on innovation are only two aspects of this. The idea of immanent change simply means that a system changes because of its own properties that determine its own course of evolution.
Dynamics of Technological Change by Louis A. Girifalco (auth.)