By Richard J. Goss
It is a booklet approximately one in every of nature's so much awesome accomplishments. while deer develop antlers they're truly regenerating anatomically advanced appendages - whatever that no different mammal can do. the speed at which antler elongate makes them the quickest growing to be constructions within the animal state. Profoundly laid low with male hormones, those secondary intercourse characters develop into substantial tumors if the deer owning them is castrated. those and different particular features have made antlers the focal point of in depth medical study that addresses a few provocative questions: From what tissues do antlers enhance? by means of what morphogenetic mechanisms are they regenerated each year? What social capabilities brought on their preliminary evolution? How are they encouraged through hormones, and via the seasonal daylength fluctuations that control their annual substitute cycles? those and plenty of different questions are thought of during this finished account of antlerology. scholars of improvement, evolution, and behaviour will locate a lot to understand during this quantity, as will ecologists, flora and fauna biologists, and zookeepers. it's a wealthy resource of data for endocrinologists and physiologists drawn to the connection of antlers to the reproductive cycle. The orthopedists will locate the examine of antlers a worthy version of skeletal development and bone illness, and the purported medicinal houses of velvet antlers can be a subject matter of curiosity to the pharmacologist. Deer Antlers: Regeneration, functionality, and Evolution is as scientifically exact because it is readable. It doesn't resolution all questions on those certain appendages, however it is bound to arouse interest concerning the many unsolved difficulties of the way antlers develop, die, and are shed during a unmarried 12 months.
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Additional resources for Deer Antlers. Regeneration, Function and Evolution
5. Br. Deer S o c , Southampton, England. Delap, P. (1978). "Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus)/' Publ. No. 4. Br. Deer S o c , Southampton, England. de Nahlik, A. J. (1959). " Faber & Faber, London. Dixon, J. S. (1934a). A study of the life history and food habits of mule deer in California. Parti. Life history. Calif. Fish Game 20 (3), 1 8 1 - 2 8 2 . References 49 Dixon, J. S. (1934b). A study of the life history and food habits of mule deer in California. Part II. Food habits. Calif. Fish Game 20 (4), 3 1 5 - 3 5 4 .
5 m or more in record specimens, with up to several dozen points. Older males cast their antlers sooner than young ones, sometimes as early as late November. Less mature individuals do so at progressively later months through the winter and early spring. Therefore, the older the animal, the longer is the delay between casting and regrowth. ) 35 usually retain them longer in the winter. Barren females drop their antlers in late winter or early spring, at about the time younger males lose theirs.
Faber & Faber, London. Dixon, J. S. (1934a). A study of the life history and food habits of mule deer in California. Parti. Life history. Calif. Fish Game 20 (3), 1 8 1 - 2 8 2 . References 49 Dixon, J. S. (1934b). A study of the life history and food habits of mule deer in California. Part II. Food habits. Calif. Fish Game 20 (4), 3 1 5 - 3 5 4 . Dobson, J. (1951). Père David and the discovery and early history of Elaphurus. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1 2 1 , Part II, 3 2 0 - 3 2 5 . Dugmore, A.
Deer Antlers. Regeneration, Function and Evolution by Richard J. Goss