National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life's Decade-to-Century-Scale Climate Variability and Change: A PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Panel on Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales

ISBN-10: 0309060982

ISBN-13: 9780309060981

Panel on weather Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales, setting and assets fee on Geosciences, department in the world and existence experiences, nationwide learn Council

Society this present day can be extra prone to global-scale, long term, weather swap than ever sooner than. Even with none human impression, earlier files express that weather may be anticipated to proceed to endure massive switch over many years to centuries. Measures for adaption and mitigation will demand coverage judgements according to a legitimate medical beginning. larger realizing and prediction of weather adaptations might be accomplished such a lot successfully via a nationally famous "dec-cen" technological know-how plan. This booklet articulates the medical concerns that needs to be addressed to strengthen us successfully towards that realizing and descriptions the information assortment and modeling wanted.

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Extra resources for Decade-to-Century-Scale Climate Variability and Change: A Science Strategy

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1997). Consequently, this phenomenon is sometimes referred to as the Atlantic Tropical Dipole, although the lack of a clear consensus on the actual dipole nature of the pattern leaves many simply referring to it as the decadal tropical Atlantic SST variability. This low-frequency SST phenomenon shows concurrent anomalies in the rainfall over Brazil and northern Africa (Figure 3-4a). Periods of greater-than-normal rainfall were experienced over northeast Brazil in the 1960s, and periods of lower-than-normal rainfall in the mid-1970s to early 1980s (Figure 3-4b).

New medicines have often been developed from existing biological compounds. The carriers of human illness respond to climate change when the ecosystem in which they live is affected by that change. It is believed that the outbreak of the deadly Hantavirus in 1993 in the southwestern United States was caused by a period of drought succeeded by heavy rains. , 1994). Coastal algal blooms, a breeding ground for the bacterium Vibrio cholera that sometimes finds its way into the food chain, have been linked to the cholera outbreak in South America in 1992 (Epstein, 1993).

In fact, the IPCC (IPCC, 1996b) estimates that worldwide approximately 46 million people a year experience flooding due to storm surges, and this number would double if there were a 50 cm rise in sea level. For example, consider the impact of erosion in this country due to changes in relative sea level. The Mississippi delta has the largest rate of land loss in the United States. Wetlands have been lost there at a rate of up to 100 km2 per year in this century, primarily through loss of sediment and land subsidence.

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Decade-to-Century-Scale Climate Variability and Change: A Science Strategy by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Panel on Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales


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