By Kevin J. Middlebrook
Under what stipulations do political associations boost which are able to selling financial and social elites' lodging to democracy? the significance of this question for learn on regime switch and democracy in Latin the USA lies in proven political evidence: alliances among upper-class teams and the defense force have traditionally been an incredible explanation for army intervention within the area, and international locations with electorally conceivable nationwide conservative events have skilled considerably longer sessions of democratic governance because the Nineteen Twenties and Nineteen Thirties than have nations with vulnerable conservative parties.
The members to this e-book learn the connection among the correct and democracy in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, Peru, and Venezuela throughout the Eighties and Nineteen Nineties. The authors concentration really at the demanding situations that democratization may possibly pose to upper-class teams; the political position of conservative events and their electoral functionality in the course of those the most important many years; and the relationships between conservative occasion energy or weak point, varied modes of elite curiosity illustration, and monetary and social elites' aid for political democracy. the quantity features a statistical appendix with facts on conservative events' electoral functionality in nationwide elections throughout the Eighties and Nineteen Nineties in those seven countries.
Contributors: Atilio A. Borón, Universidad de Buenos Aires • Catherine M. Conaghan, Queen's collage • Michael Coppedge, college of Notre Dame • John C. Dugas, Kalamazoo collage • Manuel Antonio Garretón, Universidad de Chile • Scott Mainwaring, collage of Notre Dame • Rachel Meneguello, Universidade de Campinas • Kevin J. Middlebrook, collage of California, San Diego • Timothy J. strength, Florida foreign collage • Elisabeth J. wooden, big apple University.
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Extra resources for Conservative Parties, the Right, and Democracy in Latin America
In his essay in this volume, Manuel Antonio Garretón observes that the Chilean Right saw the preservation of the ∞Ω∫≠ constitution and the military-created institutional order as the principal guarantee of political equilibrium, an essential basis for a political regime that would protect conservative forces’ vital interests. Garretón argues persuasively that the Right lacked a clearly democratic modernization project and that its ties to the military regime and unquestioning defense of the armed forces’ institutional and policy heritage condemned it to the status of a long-term electoral minority.
Thus the restoration of Conservative political dominance in ∞∫∫≠ brought a rebirth of church inﬂuence, and from the late ∞∫∫≠s to ∞Ω≥≠ the church consolidated its sociopolitical power and provided vital support to Conservative governments. A series of legislative initiatives and constitutional reforms enacted in the ∞∫∫≠s and ∞∫Ω≠s once again made Catholicism the ofﬁcial religion, restored to the church all property not actually alienated under earlier Liberal reforms (and compensated the church for property already sold), revived a limited church role in the administration of cemeteries, 15 INTRODUCTION and again gave the church principal responsibility for maintaining the civil registry.
Throughout this period, Brazilian society was predominantly rural, with socioeconomic and political exchanges focused heavily on landed estates. The population was widely dispersed, and social mobilization remained low. The highly federal political structure of the republic (which some analysts have termed the ‘‘politics of governors’’) decentralized partisan conﬂict and obstructed the development of national party organizations. Moreover, the introduction of tighter suffrage qualiﬁcations (especially literacy requirements) in ∞∫∫∞ restricted political participation.
Conservative Parties, the Right, and Democracy in Latin America by Kevin J. Middlebrook