By Leslie Bethell
Colonial Brazil is a variety of chapters from the Cambridge historical past of Latin the US volumes 1 and a pair of introduced jointly to supply a continous historical past of the Portuguese Empire in Brazil from the start of the 16th to the start of the 19th centuries. The chapters hide early Portuguese cost, political and financial buildings, plantations and slavery, the gold rushes, the influence of colonial rule on Indian societies, imperial reorganization within the eighteenth century, and demographic and financial switch throughout the ultimate a long time of the empire.
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Moreover, a commission of jurists set up to reform the legal system produced a new code for Portugal, the Ordenaqoesfilipinas,promulgated in 1603. In Lisbon there was a Council of State without clearly defined administrative powers, and the Spanish kings maintained the system of two secretaries of state, one for the kingdom and the other for 'India', 1 For a discussion of the early settlement of Brazil 1500—80, see ch. 1 above. 42. Colonial Brazil that is to say, for the colonies, despite several conflicts over jurisdiction, until the creation of the Conselho da India in 1604.
This second attack was led by Estacio de Sa, Mem de Sa's nephew, who arrived in Bahia in 1563 at the head of another fleet sent out from Portugal. Gathering together local reinforcements from Espirito Santo as well as Sao Vicente, Estacio sailed to Rio in 1565 where he first established a military base - the germ of the future city of Rio de Janeiro - at the foot of Sugarloaf Mountain. His position was strong enough to repel French attempts to dislodge him, but insufficient to take the offensive until additional reinforcements from Lisbon arrived under the command of Christovao de Barros, the son of Antonio Cardoso de Barros, donatary of the abandoned captaincy of Piaui and subsequently first provedor-mor of the crown in Brazil.
1 PORTUGAL AND BRAZIL, I 5 8 O-£. I 6 9 5 Any description of the administration of the world-wide Portuguese empire, including Brazil, from the late sixteenth to the late seventeenth century is complicated by the fact that Portugal was united with Spain in a dual monarchy during the first half of this period. In 15 80 Philip II of Spain, nephew of Joao III (15 21-5 7), became Philip I of Portugal. He was succeeded by Philip III (Philip II of Portugal) in 1598 and by Philip IV (Philip III of Portugal) in 1621.
Colonial Brazil by Leslie Bethell