By M. Vicente
By way of the 1780s within the urban of Barcelona by myself, greater than one hundred fifty factories shipped calicoes to each significant urban in Spain and around the Atlantic. This publication narrates the lives of households on either side of the Atlantic who profited from the fad for calicoes, and in doing so helped the Spanish empire to flourish within the eighteenth century.
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Extra resources for Clothing the Spanish Empire: Families and the Calico Trade in the Early Modern Atlantic World
Thus when the master stocking knitter Josep Sabater arrived in the Andalusian port, he quickly established connections with Marsal. Sabater’s career as a commercial agent in Cádiz was typical. 85 As a company member, his principal duty was, from his base in Barcelona, to supervise the export of the company’s calicoes to Cádiz. , for the Formentí factory, and for his relative Pau Sabater, of Anglí & Sabater Co. Two years later, Canals & Canet Co. appointed Sabater as their commercial agent. By tracing the activities of two key commercial agents—Campins and Sabaters—it is possible to see the formation of commercial networks that connected calico companies to the Atlantic trade.
Even during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the companyia remained attractive in large part because it allowed the pulling together of small investments in business and trade activities. During the eighteenth century, the companyia proved fundamental to the birth and subsequent growth of the calico trade. ” In all three—company, family, and marriage—their proper functioning depended on solidarity, commitment, and trust. As in a family, individuals in a company had legal and moral obligations to do their part for the welfare of their association.
His older brothers, Jacint and Francisco, became a veil maker and military man, respectively. Bernat turned instead to the world of commerce. He became an administrator to the merchant José Francisco Comelles, with whom he established a company to trade in textiles. Glòria, aware of the appeal of foreign calicoes, tried to tap this demand by producing high-quality calicoes. ”54 Finally he resolved the problem by doing as the first two factories had done: hiring a foreign fabricant. ”55 Bernat married Isabel Pico, which allowed him to establish familial and commercial ties to important mercantile family in Barcelona.
Clothing the Spanish Empire: Families and the Calico Trade in the Early Modern Atlantic World by M. Vicente