By James F. White Jr., Charles W. Bacon, Nigel L. Hywel-Jones, Joseph W. Spatafora
The clavicipitaleans have a protracted, bittersweet courting with people. Clavicipitaleans akin to Claviceps and Epichloa" have been the reasons of a number of human and animal toxicoses all through recorded heritage. Claviceps and Cordyceps have been the assets of a treasure chest of medications that experience benefited thousands of individuals. Clavicipitaleans have chanced on purposes in biocontrol of bugs, nematodes, and fungi. up to we all know approximately them, there's even more to benefit approximately their evolutionary improvement on a genomic and biochemical level."Clavicipitalean Fungi: Evolutionary Biology, Chemistry, Biocontrol, and Cultural affects" offers a starting place for constructing wisdom of the whole family members. This reference analyzes the ecology, evolution, genetics, body structure, and taxonomy of this various staff of fungi for identity of universal organic, biochemical, and genetic good points and discovery of power clinical and agricultural purposes. It strains and reconstructs the evolution of varied host-endoparasite structures and reports fresh taxonomic learn and DNA series analyses on plant-infecting clavicipitaleans. delivering a holistic view of the full clavicipitalean kinfolk, the e-book compares morphologic, geographic, and host adaptations between a number of clavicipitalean populations and examines key discoveries and compounds got in clavicipitalean experiences.
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Extra resources for Clavicipitalean Fungi: Evolutionary Biology, Chemistry, Biocontrol And Cultural Impacts (Mycology)
Conidiophores erect or prostrate, bearing verticillate or solitary phialides which are more or less swollen near the base. Conidia balanoid, campanulate to cylindrical, subglobose to irregularly angular, mostly terminally adhesive, produced in heads or short chains or both. Dictyochlamydospores sometimes present. Mostly parasites of freeliving nematodes, to which the conidia become attached by means of an adhesive apical layer. A detailed account of the genus is given by Zare and Gams (2001b). Gams (1988) synonymized several taxa described by Drechsler under V.
12. Rotiferophthora (Fig. 2) 40 . 5 5. Conidiogenesis phialidic with single openings; conidia obclavate with adhesive tip; parasitizing nematodes or ciliated protozoa ............ 2. Drechmeria (Fig. 3) 50 . Conidiogenesis polyblastic; conidia globose, with a conspicuous basal slime pad; parasitizing rotifers11. Pseudomeria mucosa (Fig. 4) 6. 7 60 . 12 7. Conidiogenous cells phialidic, with a ﬂaring collarette; conidia with basal appendage .............................................. 4. Haptospora (Fig.
Living mycelium (but not conidia) of H. anguillulae attracts nematodes (Jansson and Nordbring-Hertz, 1979), in particular species of Panagrellus, Ditylenchus, and Aphelenchoides, but not of Pratylenchus (Jansson and Nordbring-Hertz, 1980). 5% by adding 300,000 conidia of H. , 1996). 6. Hirsutella Patouillard, Rev. Mycol. Toulouse 14:69, 1892 (Fig. 7) Type species: Hirsutella entomophila Pat. Diagnosis: Colonies medium-fast-growing. Sporulation synnematous or mononematous. Conidiogenous cells ﬂask-shaped, tapering in the middle or the distal part into one or several conidiiferous necks; conidiogenesis mostly phialidic, with several conidia agglutinated in slimy heads at each opening, sometimes solitary conidia produced with apparently blastic conidiogenesis.
Clavicipitalean Fungi: Evolutionary Biology, Chemistry, Biocontrol And Cultural Impacts (Mycology) by James F. White Jr., Charles W. Bacon, Nigel L. Hywel-Jones, Joseph W. Spatafora