By Mark Ensalaco
"When the military comes out, it's to kill."—Augusto Pinochet
Following his bloody September 1973 coup d'état that overthrew President Salvador Allende, Augusto Pinochet, commander-in-chief of the Chilean military and nationwide Police, turned head of an army junta that might rule Chile for the following seventeen years. The violent repression utilized by the Pinochet regime to take care of strength and rework the country's political profile and economy has acquired much less consciousness than the Argentine army dictatorship, even supposing the Pinochet regime persevered two times as long.
In this first examine of Chile less than Pinochet, Mark Ensalaco continues that Pinochet used to be complicit within the "enforced disappearance" of millions of Chileans and an unknown variety of international nationals. Ensalaco spent 5 years in Chile investigating the effect of Pinochet's rule and interviewing individuals of the reality fee created to enquire the human rights violations less than Pinochet. The political goal of human rights companies, Ensalaco contends, is to convey adequate strain to endure on violent regimes to urge them to finish regulations of repression. even though, those efforts are significantly restricted by way of the disparities of energy among human rights organisations and regimes rationale on ruthlessly casting off dissent.
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Additional info for Chile Under Pinochet: Recovering the Truth
Flores was on an errand to buy bread, and either did not take the curfew seriously or was in desperate need of food. Two days later, Humberto Valenzuela was shot dead in the Conchali district of metropolitan Santiago, an area assigned to the Buin regiment. He was shot as soon as he stepped from his house, also to run errands. That same day,]uan Fernando Vasquez was shot and gravely wounded. m. curfew, which was still half an hour off, when carabineros shot him. He died on the fifteenth, one of nearly fifty victims of political violence in Chile under the age of 16.
The new defection rendered the PDC an essentially conservative party, centered around the leadership of former president Frei. As a result, the PDC would lose the ability to mediate a political crisis that ultimately led to military intervention. The PDC's presidency changed four times between Allende's election and the coup that deposed him, and with each change the party became more hostile to the Popular Unity government. All that was in the future. In September 1970 the PDC was still a pivotal actor.
September 11 had been made a national holiday, on par with the Day of the Glories of the Army celebrated on September 19. P In 1969, the commander of San tiago' s Tacna regimen t ordered his troops in to the streets to protest the low wages and poor living conditions of the troops. This isolated rebellion was eerily suggestive of the actions that would take place four years later, but they did little more than anger President Eduardo Frei, then in his final year in office. The pronunciamento of September 11 changed all that, and no one benefited more from this than the armed forces commander-in-chief, General Augusto Pinochet.
Chile Under Pinochet: Recovering the Truth by Mark Ensalaco