By Birgit Kamm, Patrick R. Gruber, Michael Kamm
This is often the 1st e-book devoted to biorefineries and biobased business applied sciences, and, as such, is directed in the direction of the technological rules of biorefineries, eco-friendly strategies, crops, recommendations, present and approaching biobased product strains, in addition to the industrial features. because the scorching themes of eco-friendly chemistry and eco-friendly approaches are of a multidisciplinary curiosity, this ebook will gain the complete spectrum of the method undefined, together with chemical engineers, method engineers, equipment building engineers, chemical undefined, chemists in undefined, and biotechnologists.The editors and authors are all across the world well-known specialists from and academia, together with Dr. Patrick Gruber, the previous vp and leader know-how Officer of Cargill Dow, a winner of the U.S. Presidential eco-friendly Chemistry Award and holder of greater than forty patents.
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Extra resources for Biorefineries - Industrial Processes and Products: Status Quo and Future Directions
The subject has been covered by several reviews [73, 146–148, 151–155]. Green biorefineries can, 29 30 1 Biorefinery Systems – An Overview by fractionation of green plants, process from a few tonnes of green crops per hour (farm scale process) to more than 100 tonnes per hour (industrial scale commercial process). Careful wet fractionation technology is used as a first step (primary refinery) to isolate the contents of the green crop (or humid organic waste goods) in their natural form. Thus, they are separated into a fiber-rich press cake (PC) and a nutrient-rich green juice (GJ).
A forward looking approach is the stepwise conversion of large parts of the global economy into a sustainable biobased economy with bioenergy, biofuels, and biobased products as its main pillars (Fig. 1). Fig. 1 3-Pillar model of a future biobased economy. Biorefineries – Industrial Processes and Products. Status Quo and Future Directions. Vol. 1 Edited by Birgit Kamm, Patrick R. Gruber, Michael Kamm Copyright © 2006 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim ISBN: 3-527-31027-4 4 1 Biorefinery Systems – An Overview Whereas for energy production a variety of alternative raw materials (wind, sun, water, biomass, nuclear fission and fusion) can be established, industry based on conversion of sustainable material, for example the chemical industry, industrial biotechnology, and also the fuel generation, depends on biomass, in particular mainly on plant biomass.
Pirie developed the technical separation and extraction methods needed for this use of green crops [32, 33]. By means of sophisticated methods all the botanical material should have been used, both for production of animal feed, isolated proteins for human nutrition, and as raw material for further industrial processes, for example glue production. The residual material, juices rich in nutrients, had initially been used as fertilizer; later they were used for generation of fermentation heat based on biogas production [34, 35].
Biorefineries - Industrial Processes and Products: Status Quo and Future Directions by Birgit Kamm, Patrick R. Gruber, Michael Kamm