Download PDF by Christopher Ebert: Between Empires: Brazilian Sugar in the Early Atlantic

By Christopher Ebert

ISBN-10: 9004167684

ISBN-13: 9789004167681

ISBN-10: 9047442776

ISBN-13: 9789047442776

This learn examines the wholesale exchange in sugar from Brazil to markets in Europe. The important industry was once northwestern Europe, yet for a lot of the time among 1550 and 1630 Portugal was once drawn into the clash among Habsburg Spain and the Dutch Republic. regardless of political stumbling blocks, the exchange continued since it used to be no longer topic to monopolies and was once quite flippantly regulated and taxed. The funding constitution used to be hugely foreign, as Portugal and northwestern Europe exchanged groups of retailers who have been cellular and inter-imperial in either their composition and association. This end demanding situations an imperial or mercantilist point of view of the Atlantic financial system in its earliest levels.

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Additional info for Between Empires: Brazilian Sugar in the Early Atlantic Economy, 1550-1630 (The Atlantic World)

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43 Cologne’s commercial importance made it a frequent destination for political and religious refugees from Antwerp. From the 1560s, as confessional and political strife racked Antwerp, many merchants sought refuge in Cologne. These included the very top level of Antwerp’s Portuguese merchants such as the Ximenes and D’Evora families, who arrived in 1578. All at once, Cologne could benefit from a group of merchants with outstanding European and overseas trade networks. Nevertheless, this benefit was to prove short lived.

This process of merchant migration has received its best explanation to date from Oscar Gelderblom, Zuid-Nederlandse kooplieden en de opkomst van de Amsterdamse stapelmarkt (1578–1630) (Hilversum: Verloren, 2000). His ideas are also synthesized in English in Oscar Gelderblom, “Antwerp Merchants in Amsterdam after the Revolt,” in International Trade in the Low Countries (14th–16th Centuries) Merchants, Organization, Infrastructure, ed. Peter Stabel, Bruno Blondé, and Anke Greve (Apeldoorn: Garant, 2000), 228–30.

The Portuguese merchant community in Antwerp remained relatively small in the first quarter of the sixteenth century, perhaps numbering around 20 merchants at any given time. However, it grew apace throughout the century. It reached its sixteenth century zenith in the years around 1570–2, perhaps numbering around 80–95 households. Later in the decade, as Antwerp suffered from confessional turbulence and Spanish reprisals, perhaps about 50% of the city’s Portuguese merchants emigrated, mostly to Cologne.

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Between Empires: Brazilian Sugar in the Early Atlantic Economy, 1550-1630 (The Atlantic World) by Christopher Ebert


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