By Christopher Ebert
This learn examines the wholesale exchange in sugar from Brazil to markets in Europe. The important industry was once northwestern Europe, yet for a lot of the time among 1550 and 1630 Portugal was once drawn into the clash among Habsburg Spain and the Dutch Republic. regardless of political stumbling blocks, the exchange continued since it used to be no longer topic to monopolies and was once quite flippantly regulated and taxed. The funding constitution used to be hugely foreign, as Portugal and northwestern Europe exchanged groups of retailers who have been cellular and inter-imperial in either their composition and association. This end demanding situations an imperial or mercantilist point of view of the Atlantic financial system in its earliest levels.
Read or Download Between Empires: Brazilian Sugar in the Early Atlantic Economy, 1550-1630 (The Atlantic World) PDF
Similar south america books
Bolivia was once the heart degree for probably the most very important Latin American social revolutions of the 20 th century, person who happened amid a sea of great political instability. the growth of equipped exertions that happened throughout the Twenties used to be met with a number of govt reprisals and was once mostly curbed by means of the Chaco battle with Paraguay of 1932-1935.
Hassoldt Davis (1907–1959) used to be an adventurer and trip author whose paintings Ernest Hemingway as soon as defined as “fantastic . . . fabulous. ” along with his intrepid new spouse, filmmaker Ruth Staudinger, Davis units off on an incredible honeymoon, first to Devil’s Island, after which down an unexplored river within the inside of French Guiana.
In White Lies and Black Markets, Fatah-Black bargains a brand new account of the colonization of Suriname one of many significant ecu plantation colonies at the Guiana Coast within the interval among 1650-1800. whereas often portrayed as an remoted tropical outpost, this examine locations the colony within the context of its connections to the remainder of the Atlantic international.
Additional info for Between Empires: Brazilian Sugar in the Early Atlantic Economy, 1550-1630 (The Atlantic World)
43 Cologne’s commercial importance made it a frequent destination for political and religious refugees from Antwerp. From the 1560s, as confessional and political strife racked Antwerp, many merchants sought refuge in Cologne. These included the very top level of Antwerp’s Portuguese merchants such as the Ximenes and D’Evora families, who arrived in 1578. All at once, Cologne could benefit from a group of merchants with outstanding European and overseas trade networks. Nevertheless, this benefit was to prove short lived.
This process of merchant migration has received its best explanation to date from Oscar Gelderblom, Zuid-Nederlandse kooplieden en de opkomst van de Amsterdamse stapelmarkt (1578–1630) (Hilversum: Verloren, 2000). His ideas are also synthesized in English in Oscar Gelderblom, “Antwerp Merchants in Amsterdam after the Revolt,” in International Trade in the Low Countries (14th–16th Centuries) Merchants, Organization, Infrastructure, ed. Peter Stabel, Bruno Blondé, and Anke Greve (Apeldoorn: Garant, 2000), 228–30.
The Portuguese merchant community in Antwerp remained relatively small in the first quarter of the sixteenth century, perhaps numbering around 20 merchants at any given time. However, it grew apace throughout the century. It reached its sixteenth century zenith in the years around 1570–2, perhaps numbering around 80–95 households. Later in the decade, as Antwerp suffered from confessional turbulence and Spanish reprisals, perhaps about 50% of the city’s Portuguese merchants emigrated, mostly to Cologne.
Between Empires: Brazilian Sugar in the Early Atlantic Economy, 1550-1630 (The Atlantic World) by Christopher Ebert