By Eduard Bernstein
This is often the 1st whole new translation of Eduard Bernstein's (1850-1932) well-known and influential paintings. it's going to offer scholars with a correct and unabridged version of the vintage safety of democratic socialism and the 1st major critique of innovative Marxism from in the socialist flow. First released in 1899, on the top of the Revisionist Debate, it argued that capitalism used to be no longer heading for the foremost obstacle estimated via Marx, and that socialism will be accomplished by means of piecemeal reform inside a democratic constitutional framework. Bernstein's paintings is the focus of 1 of an important political debates of recent instances, and an important for the sunshine it casts on "the main issue of Communism."
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Extra resources for Bernstein: The Preconditions of Socialism
My translation is based on the second French edition of Sur la reproduc tion, which I have compared throughout with Althusser's manuscript at the I nstitut Memoires de l' edition contemporaine (IMEC) in Saint Germain la Blanche Herbe, near Caen. I have also profited from reading XXXlV Translator's 1\Jote Frieder Otto Wolf's German translation and his notes to it ( Uber die Reproduktion, 2 vols . , Hamburg, VSA, 2 0 1 1-12) . At the publisher's request, Althusser's idiosyncratic capitalization and italicization have been standardized throughout.
Hence the order of our questions. First question: What is philosophy? Second question: What is Marxist-Leninist philoso phy? It appears at a glance that it is imperative to ask these two questions in the order j ust indicated. Yet they do not define the structure of our study. To Jlly Readers 7 Why not? Because, as we shall see in a moment, it is impossible to answer the second question - What is Marxist-Leninist philosophy? - without making a very long detour; that is, without proceeding by way of an expo sition of the basic results of the Marxist science of history, of which historical materialism is the general theory.
Since the analyses in Volume 1 depend, in certain cases, on principles to be worked out in Volume 2, I ask readers to grant me a kind of theo retical and political ' credit' . I shall try to honour the obligation thus incurred in Volume 2, in which I shall broach the problems of the class struggle in capitalist social formations. 2) The present volume, Volume 1 , begins with a chapter that will seem surprising: it is about the ' nature' of philosophy. It will seem the more surprising in that, after marking off the terrain with a few signposts, I leave the question of philosophy in abeyance and make a very long detour in order to discuss the question of the reproduction of the capital ist relations of production.
Bernstein: The Preconditions of Socialism by Eduard Bernstein