By David A. Peterson
This publication offers the 1st systematic typological research of applicatives throughout African, American Indian, and East Asian languages. it's also the 1st to handle their services in discourse, the derivation in their semantic and syntactic houses, and the way and why they've got replaced over the years.
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Extra info for Applicative Constructions (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory)
Taak-mii] 3sS-3sO-weed2-relinq-rel law khaa ka-Ø-hmu? ’ Only in the case of instrumental applicatives is there any diVerence. 2) using the same morphology found in the applicative construction, as in (118). (118) [lawthlawpaa¼ni? a-tan-naak] naam khaa ka-hmu? ’ Finally, Hakha Lai has no valence-aVecting constructions which target objects, such as passive or antipassive, which would allow us to distinguish between multiple objects of applicative verbal complexes. 4. For each applicative construction type, the ability of the base and applicative objects to display a particular object property is evaluated.
In. The sentence in (49), on the other hand, has the postverbal transitivizer -naak, and the instrument object receives no oblique marking. 8 Summary Hakha Lai has both typical and highly unusual applicative construction types. In terms of cross-linguistic distribution, there are a few highfrequency applicatives. As we will see in Chapter 6, languages are most likely to have benefactive/malefactive, instrumental, and comitative applicative constructions, if they have any applicative constructions at all.
9 Languages do sometimes have a construction referred to as an ‘auto-benefactive’, which in most cases is similar to a middle, but this suYx marks a combination auto-benefactive and benefactive. So far I have seen no instances of this in text material that is available to me, so further details about the curious semantics of this construction will have to wait. Two Case Studies 19 Constructions using -pii are judged to be semantically more or less the same as a construction without -pii in which the comitative object is coded obliquely using the comitative case clitic ¼hee.
Applicative Constructions (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory) by David A. Peterson