After virtue : a study in moral theory by Alasdair MacIntyre PDF

By Alasdair MacIntyre

ISBN-10: 1780936257

ISBN-13: 9781780936253

"[I]t is anything to have a publication, dedicated to yes particularly valuable technical philosophical questions, that is more likely to produce so passionate a response." —New York evaluate of Books

"A extraordinary synthesis . . . ." —Richard Rorty

"A attractive new research of ethics. . . ." —Newsweek

"The top publication of philosophy in years." —John Gardner

"To name this an excellent publication is to be patronizing; it really is a massive publication, person who should be up or replied. it can be an excellent one, as are all turning issues in a tide of drama whose protagonists have notion their classes inexorable." —Choice, February 1982

When After Virtue first seemed in 1981, it was once well-known right now as an important and in all probability debatable critique of latest ethical philosophy. Now, in a brand new bankruptcy, Alasdair MacIntyre responds to the questions and issues raised through the various admirers and critics who made After Virtue any such broadly learn and mentioned paintings of philosophy. making an allowance for the discussion generated by way of his publication over the last 3 years, he elaborates his place at the courting of philosophy to historical past, the virtues and the problem of relativism, and the connection of ethical philosophy to theology. In doing so, MacIntyre sustains the claims of his relevant conclusions to rational justification and demonstrates additional the responsibility of philosophy to the area and instances it seeks to describe.

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What there is is an insistence on our need to learn from some aspects of the past, by understanding our contemporary selves and our contemporary moral relationships in the light afforded by a tradition that enables us to overcome the constraints on such self-knowledge that modernity, especially advanced modernity imposes. We are all of us inescapably inhabitants of advanced modernity, bearing its social and cultural marks. So my understanding of the tradition of the virtues and of the consequences for modernity of its rejection of that tradition and of the possibility of restoring it is indeed a peculiarly modern understanding.

And I was of course right in rejecting most of that biology. But I had now learned from Aquinas that my attempt to provide an account of the human good purely in social terms, in terms of practices, traditions, and the narrative unity of human lives, was bound to be inadequate until I had provided it with a metaphysical grounding. It is only because human beings have an end towards which they are directed by reason of their specific nature, that practices, traditions, and the like are able to function as they do.

It became the task of the moral philosophers of the European Enlightenment from the eighteenth century onwards to provide just such an understanding. But what those philosophers in fact provided were several rival and incompatible accounts, utilitarians competing with Kantians and both with contractarians, so that moral judgments, as they had now come to be understood, became essentially contestable, expressive of the attitudes and feelings of those who uttered them, yet still uttered as if there was some impersonal standard by which moral disagreements might be rationally resolved.

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After virtue : a study in moral theory by Alasdair MacIntyre

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