By Robert Owen
In his early works Owen argues that, given that everyone is utterly shaped via their setting, schooling is the an important consider remodeling them. Later he got here to undertake way more radical positions, featuring not anything below 'the emancipation of mankind' and the construction of a 'new ethical world', a full-scale reorganization of British society, significant reforms of operating practices and the negative legislation and the institution of co-operative model.
Robert Owen (1771-1858) was once a Welsh social reformer and one of many founders of utopian socialism and the cooperative circulation. He labored within the cotton in Manchester earlier than constructing a wide mill at New Lanark in Scotland.
George Claeys bought his PhD from the collage of Cambridge and is now affiliate Professor of background at Washington University.
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Extra resources for A New View of Society and Other Writings (Penguin Classics)
A few Owenites turned to concentrate their efforts on friendly societies. Others entered the again rapidly expanding consumer co-operation movement, which was given a great impetus by the success of the Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers, founded by a group of Owenite weavers in 1844. The nucleus of socialist leaders around Owen renewed their activities in 1848, when revolutions on the continent and a revival of Chartism at home raised the possibility of a new alliance between the social and political reformers.
Having now lost most of his hope for assistance from the aristocracy, Owen attempted to enlist these organizations in the communitarian cause. Unable to control the new movement, however, he withdrew his support and attempted to frustrate measures he disagreed with. The middle and late 1820s also saw the publication of the main works by Owen's early followers and associates, notably several books by the Irish landowner William Thompson, especially An Inquiry into the Principles of the Distribution of Wealth Most Conducive to Human Happiness (1824) and Labour Rewarded (1827), and the newspaper editor John Gray's Lecture on Human Happiness (1825) and The Social System (1831).
In the existing irrational state, he argued, political reform, especially the extension of the franchise to the working classes, would not eliminate poverty or social dislocation. Working-class Owenites and their leaders, such as William Thompson, disagreed. Mainstream political radicals were also deeply irritated by what they regarded as Owen's conservatism. But Owen continued to argue at least until 1848, and often thereafter, that the struggle for political reform merely obscured the need for more important social, moral, and economic changes.
A New View of Society and Other Writings (Penguin Classics) by Robert Owen