By Simon Collier
Supplying an summary of Chilean historical past for the overall reader in addition to the expert, this article employs fundamental and secondary fabrics to investigate the nation's political, financial, and social evolution from independence to 2002. not like different works, the amount examines extensive the newest occasions of Chile's historical past: the diversification of its financial system, unfold of democratic associations, development of public health and wellbeing, and emergence of a wealthy highbrow tradition. First variation Hb (1996): 0-521-56075-6 First version Pb (1996): 0-521-56827-7
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Extra info for A History of Chile, 1808-2002
These were numerous, the most extensively celebrated being the annual festival of St. James ( July 23–25) – from whom, after all, the city took its quintessential Spanish name. Church and state The Catholic Church, so important in the pattern of public ceremonial, was inescapable in colonial times, at least in the towns; in the countryside the ministrations of the clergy were much more intermittent. Chile’s two bishoprics, Santiago and Concepci´on, dependent on Peru, dated from the earliest period of settlement (1561 and 1603 respectively).
If Chile was isolated from the world, colonial townships were in many ways isolated from each other. Roads worthy of the name scarcely existed. Governor O’Higgins built an adequate highway from Santiago to Valparaiso, though Captain George Vancouver, who saw it (as it was being completed) on his visit in 1795, was struck by how little it was used. 15 Until the advent of the railroads, the easiest way of traveling up and down the country was by ship. ) But in late-colonial times, the number of regular upper-class travelers was in any case very small.
The commercial link with Spain was still the most important. Peru remained the only market for Chilean wheat and tallow, but now sent tropical products (notably sugar) in return, since European merchandise came direct from Spain. The River Plate’s chief export to Chile was yerba mate (Paraguayan tea), an infusion of which was the colony’s most popular nonalcoholic drink – still common enough in Chile, though less so than in Argentina. The old Peruvian “domination” was by this stage mostly confined to the edge Lima enjoyed in the important wheat trade: most of the twenty-five or thirty ships that plied the trade between the colonies were owned by Peruvians.
A History of Chile, 1808-2002 by Simon Collier