By Teresa A Meade
Merely a little bit smaller in dimension than the USA, Brazil is the 5th biggest state on this planet. it truly is domestic to unique Rio de Janeiro, the powerful Amazon River, the world-renowned Carnival, and naturally, its shrinking rainforests. a short heritage of Brazil bargains a concise but accomplished account of the wealthy and sundry historical past of Brazil, putting the political, fiscal, and cultural occasions of at the present time into vast old context. The e-book opens with an summary of pre-colonial Brazil and is going directly to research the background of Portuguese exploration, in the course of the early years of the slave exchange among Africa and the Americas, and the production of the biggest slaveholding society within the smooth international. in this period, a colourful African tradition left its mark, joined by way of impacts from eu, Asian, and center jap immigrants, all of which mixed to create sleek Brazil. After a short-lived First Republic on the flip of the 20th century, Brazil skilled greater than 3 many years of army dictatorship sooner than it built the colourful democracy that characterizes the rustic this day. a quick background of Brazil additionally examines key old figures and the hallmarks of Brazilian pop culture: football, Carnival, song, and tv.
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Extra resources for A Brief History of Brazil
Albuquerque’s resistance made him a hero for a while, but his subsequent retreat in 1635 proved humiliating and cost him a few years in a Portuguese prison. Eventually the Dutch West India Company began to suffer financial reverses, and it sought an end to the war in 1636. After a series of long truces interrupted by war, the Dutch were driven out in 1654. Credit for the Portuguese victory actually goes more to the colonial resistance than to the Crown, although the latter did provide the military support to defeat the Dutch.
Small and large companies plied the trade, utilizing slaves to do the hard labor. Many succeeded in circumventing the royal inspectors, smuggling out a considerable profit in gold and later in diamonds. Most of the profits did not even remain in either Portuguese or Brazilian hands. Northern Europeans, especially British technicians and mine operators, provided the tools, chemicals, and expertise to run the mines, bought the diamonds, and paid out a share of the profits to the Brazilian operators.
Eventually, however, the colonists tired of enriching distant merchants, bankers, and nobles at their expense. The seeds of colonial independence movements actually were planted just about simultaneously with the flag of possession. Second, for Brazil, mercantilism led to what has been called a “boombust” cycle. When the commodity no longer sold well, because another country out-produced Brazil, had a better and cheaper variety, or when it ran out, as with the gold mines, that area of the country went into decline.
A Brief History of Brazil by Teresa A Meade