By Pablo Leighton, Fernando Lopez
The 1973 coups d'etat in Uruguay and Chile have been considerably diversified from different army coups in Latin the United States. those dictatorial regimes all started a brand new period within the subcontinent. They grew to become staunch bearers of a countrywide safety kingdom doctrine and brought radical new financial rules. extra tellingly, they gave beginning to severe types of society equipped at the foundations of what can arguably be thought of ideological genocides, counting on either rudimentary and complex tools of repression and authoritarianism to set up neoliberal platforms that experience lasted until eventually this day. 2013 marked the fortieth anniversary of the autumn of democratic rule in these nations. After 4 many years, the governments of Uruguay and Chile proceed to teach deficiencies in bringing the perpetrators of serious human rights violations to stand justice. forty Years is not anything: historical past and reminiscence of the 1973 coups d'etat in Uruguay and Chile is galvanized via the powerful stories that those coups nonetheless create. the variety of issues addressed within the contributions collected the following reveal that the 1973 coups stay key sights for researchers around the globe and that the learn of those themes is way from exhausted.
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Extra info for 40 Years Are Nothing: History and Memory of the 1973 Coups D'etat in Uruguay and Chile
The Gelman Case and the Legacy of Impunity in Uruguay 37 collecting signatures from 25 per cent of the population, the vote to sustain the law went before the people early in 1989 (Lessa 2013, 138). If overturned, the referendum could have established the primacy of human rights and promise of rule of law in the renewed democracy by reopening the trials that had been shut down. It was therefore devastating to those who had worked on this initiative when, with a 56 per cent majority, Uruguayans upheld the law and a culture of impunity.
9 per cent rejected it (Bielous and Petito 2006, 331–357). For a short period, this result halted public debate on aspects related to human rights crimes committed during the military dictatorship. In this period, there was a On History and Memory 25 general decline in public policy on Transitional Justice in the Uruguayan state. Essentially, the referendum highlighted the political limitations of the transition to democracy. A rather simple episode was responsible for opening up a new round of debates over which kind of limitations would be acceptable when seeking to cope with the recent past.
Durham [NC]; London: Duke University Press. Wright, Thomas C 2007. State terrorism in Latin America: Chile, Argentina, and international human rights. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. CHAPTER TWO ON HISTORY AND MEMORY: SOME REFLECTIONS ON THE PROCESS OF TRANSITIONAL JUSTICE FROM THE EXPERIENCE OF URUGUAY (1985-2005) PEDRO IVO TEIXEIRENSE It is commonly held in current Transitional Justice literature that societies and individuals are entitled to know the truth about past human rights violations.
40 Years Are Nothing: History and Memory of the 1973 Coups D'etat in Uruguay and Chile by Pablo Leighton, Fernando Lopez